Fibromyalgia is still today of those diseases that keeps the scientific community (and in particular the medical professionals) in constant confrontation.
Above all because some believe (including me) that it is a real physical illness, but there are still many professionals who claim that it is a psychological illness and that pain is in the mind.
Now, finally, a study shows us that it is a totally physical illness, and the psychological one has little.
The study, conducted by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NBIC) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) of the United States, found the cause of this disease which is now a separate entity, but previously diagnosed by discarding other similar disorders.
The real cause of fibromyalgia, discovered
According to recent research, the culprit of this disease is the alteration of body temperature. As you know, our body remains on average at 37 ºC (98.6 degrees Fahrenheit, as research indicates),
and this is because our blood acts as a refrigerant for the body, just like water in car radiators. But in fibromyalgia, patients can not maintain their body temperature consistently.
When we lose a lot of heat (hypothermia) or increase too much (hyperthermia), the hypothalamus, the nucleus of the brain responsible for regulating the temperature of our body, acts and tries to maintain balance within the body. For this it uses blood and blood vessels.
When it is too cold, the vessels close (vasoconstriction) to protect our main organs from temperature. If it is hot, the vessels open (vasodilatation) to cool our body. Likewise, when we exercise or use our muscles for some task, blood also flows between the skin and the muscles as coolant.
Blood malfunction, the true cause of fibromyalgia
For this opening or closure of the flow to occur correctly there are communications and valves between the blood vessels, they are the arterio-venous shunts, controlled by the hypothalamus to open or close when convenient, thus maintaining the balance of the body.
And finally we have blood capillaries, the smallest form of our body that also helps maintain the temperature, among other functions. Emphasize your high number in standing and hands.
Previously it was known that in diabetic patients the blood capillaries wound up, causing loss of sensibility and also alteration of the temperature in the hands and feet.
But fibromyalgia goes further, because what is injured in this disease are the valves between the vessels, the arterio-venous shunts, which in turn interfere with the activity of the capillaries and also cause an alteration of the supply of muscles and tissues. of the skin, as well as injure the body’s cooling system.
The muscle damage responsible for fibromyalgia
Because of this malfunction, lactic acid accumulates in the muscles and deep tissues, thus affecting the muscular system and causing pain, eventually leading to fatigue, both symptoms typical of fibromyalgia.
On the other hand, the somatic nervous system, responsible for sensitivity, is also influenced by the malfunction of arteriovenous shunts and when it is hypersensitive sends pain signals to the central nervous system, further aggravating the symptoms.
So, as you can see, fibromyalgia has few psychological illnesses and many physical illnesses. The problem so far is the lack of knowledge we have had about it and how to diagnose it, and even more without knowing the cause. We hope that with this and the next research on the subject we can reach a correct diagnosis and treatment.